c) Finally, the exchange and circulation. Exchange and production [M-13] Handling is only a very specific time of the exchange or exchanges, considered as a whole. Since there is only mediating exchange time between production and distribution caused by them on the one hand, and consumption, on the other hand, a consumption itself acts as the production time, and the extent exchange obviously lies in the production of his time. It is clear, first, that the exchange of activities and abilities, are committed to the production, directly enters into it, and it is a significant way. Secondly, the same is true of the products of metabolism, as it is the means to produce the finished product intended for immediate consumption. Insofar exchange itself is the act of entering into production. Third, the so-called exchange between business people and business people in their 21 organizations is entirely determined by production, and he himself is a productive activity. Exchange stands independent and indifferent with respect to the production of only the last stage when the product is exchanged directly for consumption. However, 1) there is no exchange without division of labor, whether the latter something primitive or are the result of historical development; 2) private exchange presupposes private production; 3) the intensity of exchange, its distribution, as well as its form, determined by the development and production structure. For example, exchange between town and country; exchange in a village, town, etc.. e. exchange thus in all its points or directly entered in the manufacture or production is determined.