The Berlin Conference of 1884-1885. In the late 1870s, the struggle between the great powers for spheres of influence in the world has acquired the most acute. The main reason for this has been the rapid growth of industrial production in Western countries, which has led to the desire of governments to find new markets for the export of capital and distribution of finished products. No less important was the capture syrya.Afrika sources to European countries. Caricature At the time, Africa was largely divided between Britain and France. The intensified struggle for African section forcing the weaker powers to seek other ways of colonization of undeveloped land. On the path of the expansion came a small but industrialized Belgium. An important role in this process was played by King Leopold II of, came to the throne in 1865. The Belgian monarch displayed his remarkable political skills, in the course of the Franco-Prussian War, preserving the neutrality of Belgium, despite strong pressure from both warring sides.